Casco Baykeeper

Sometimes problems confronting the health of Casco Bay are best understood from the water. Photo courtesy: Beth and Steve Westra

Sometimes problems confronting the health of Casco Bay
are best understood from the water.
Photo courtesy: Beth and Steve Westra

Our Baykeeping Program exists to reduce pollution and improve the health of the Bay, providing an iconic advocate who acts as the eyes, ears, and voice of the Bay. While our Casco Baykeeper holds the official title, through the program our volunteers and staff advocate for solutions to problems facing our waters.

Morris_160720_4259Ivy Frignoca is our Casco Baykeeper. Ivy joined Friends of Casco Bay as its third Casco Baykeeper in early January 2016. Previously, Ivy served as a Senior Attorney with Conservation Law Foundation in Portland,working on Oceans, Clean Water, and Clean Air issues throughout New England. Ivy’s professional experience includes teaching marine and environmental science, advocating for stronger protections for Lake Champlain, and working for the state of Vermont on policies to protect and promote state parks and forests. Her legal experience includes working in Maine on a host of environmental issues critical to the health of Casco Bay—including ocean acidification, pesticide control, stricter limits on waste discharge permits, management of stormwater runoff, snow dumping, marine resource management, and more.

If you need to reach Ivy, please email her at ifrignoca [at] cascobay [dot] org or call her at the office (207) 799-8574 or on her cell phone (207) 831-3067.

See what Ivy has been working on since coming aboard in Out & About with the Casco Baykeeper.

Learn more about Ivy here:

Our Casco Baykeeper Program takes a unique, “work-with” approach in our efforts to find solutions to problems facing the Bay. Collaborating with fishermen, businesses, government agencies, citizens, and other stakeholders, the Casco Baykeeper advocates for solutions that are pragmatic, scientifically sound, and effective.

Under the umbrella of Friends of Casco Bay, the Casco Baykeeper is a  member of WATERKEEPER® Alliance, an international environmental movement that began on New York’s Hudson River, where commercial and recreational fishermen united to save the river from polluters. The Waterkeeper concept evolved from gamekeepers in Great Britain who were responsible for maintaining private trout and salmon streams for wealthy landowners. The American interpretation of this role safeguards our waterways for the entire population.


“We can’t be complacent just because Casco Bay looks good. Our citizens will have to make hard decisions in the near future about pipelines across the Bay, sewage discharges, and the loss of aesthetic, recreational, and economic uses of our ocean resulting from current abuses.” -Joe Payne, Casco Baykeeper Emeritus


What does it mean to be a Waterkeeper?

Waterkeepers – whether Baykeepers, Riverkeepers, Soundkeepers, or Bayoukeepers – all share the same mission: to defend their water bodies by responding to citizen concerns, advocating compliance with environmental laws, and working to resolve pollution problems that threaten their waterways.


The Board of the Waterkeeper Alliance reviews and licenses every program that seeks to call itself Waterkeeper. As a founding member of Waterkeeper Alliance, Friends of Casco Bay helped develop the quality standards that each program must meet. Here are a few:


1. A recognizable person to serve as a full-time, paid public advocate for the water body.

That individual is an “aqua-cop” committed to enforcing environmental laws and standards. A Waterkeeper uses whatever tools are appropriate, from personal persuasion and public opinion to government intervention or litigation.


2. Members whom the Waterkeeper represents.

Members provide the grassroots constituency that may be called upon to influence polluters, media, state agencies, and politicians. In addition, they help provide operating income and, most critically, give the Waterkeeper organization legal standing. One of the strongest tools a keeper has is the Citizen Suit provision of the Clean Water Act, which allows Waterkeepers and others acting for the environment to sue polluters. The Clean Water Act gives “any citizen” the authority “to commence a civil action” against an entity (including the federal or state government) that is violating “an effluent standard or limitation.” In a court of law, the Waterkeeper literally speaks for the organization’s individual members.

3. A boat with the Waterkeeper name clearly labeled to ensure on-the-water recognition.

That clearly-identified presence may be as modest as a canoe or as imposing as a high-speed patrol boat, whatever mode of transportation is best suited to maintain on-the-water vigilance.


4. An office where the Waterkeeper conducts fundamental tasks.

Tasks that are required to support the program include bookkeeping, strategic planning, and fundraising. A Waterkeeper cannot be a government employee.


5. A phone number citizens can call to report pollution incidents or concerns.

The Waterkeeper answers questions, speaks at public meetings, and talks with people around the Bay. The phone number represents response, advocacy, and enforcement. Contact information for alternate phone numbers or hotlines provides coverage even when emergencies occur after hours. you can reach Ivy at the office (207) 799-8574 or on her cell phone (207) 831-3067.


Fund the Baykeeper Program

You can support the Baykeeper’s advocacy work on behalf of the Bay. Donate here and write “Baykeeper” in the designation box once you get to the billing page. Thank you!