Casco Baykeeper

Incoming Casco Baykeeper Ivy Frignoca (left) with Cathy Ramsdell, Friends of Casco Bay Executive Director and Casco Baykeeper Pro Tem

Incoming Casco Baykeeper Ivy Frignoca (left) with Cathy Ramsdell, Friends of Casco Bay Executive Director and Casco Baykeeper Pro Tem

We have hired the next Casco Baykeeper, who will begin working with us in January. We are very excited to introduce you to Ivy Frignoca.

Ivy has been living in the Casco Bay watershed for the past 20 years, and she will bring an impressive array of skills and local knowledge to the role of Casco Baykeeper.  In her most recent work with Conservation Law Foundation (CLF), Ivy has been working on issues facing Maine’s marine waters, including ocean and coastal acidification.  She has been serving as CLF’s Oceans, Clean Water and Clean Air Advocate throughout New England.  Her professional experience also includes teaching marine biology and ecology, interpreting natural history, designing policies to protect and promote Vermont state parks and forests, and advocating for stronger environmental protections for Lake Champlain.

Executive Director Cathy Ramsdell, who has been serving as Casco Baykeeper Pro Tem over the past year, says, “I have seen firsthand that Ivy has a tremendous capacity to study a topic and comprehend the issues involved, find ways to broach the issues with a wide variety of stakeholders, listen and then bring people together to find common ground to address the challenges and move forward.  Her legal skills – which are notable – are very helpful in this regard; but we are not hiring Ivy because she is an attorney. We are hiring Ivy because she offers a diverse skill set as well as an engaging combination of warmth, accessibility, humor, and brilliance.

Casco Baykeeper Emeritus Joe Payne is delighted with Ivy’s appointment. “Ivy is a powerful package.  She’s an environmental attorney, a former marine biology teacher, and a skilled negotiator. I have high regard for her work ethic, her communication skills, and the energy she brings to her work.”

Like the two Casco Baykeepers before her, Ivy will use a work-with approach.  “I have long admired Friends of Casco Bay’s collaborative approach to advocating for the health of the Bay,” she said, “and I am honored that I am about to become the next Casco Baykeeper.”

Says Cathy, on closing the search, “In Ivy Frignoca, I believe we have chosen the right person to join our team. She has the personality, the past experience, and the passion to be our next Casco Baykeeper.”



Our Baykeeping Program exists to reduce pollution and improve the health of the Bay, providing an iconic advocate who acts as the eyes, ears, and voice of the Bay. While our Casco Baykeeper holds the official title, through the program our volunteers and staff advocate for solutions to problems facing our waters.

We are going through a comprehensive process to find our next Casco Baykeeper and will keep you posted on our transition.

As Casco Baykeeper, Joe Payne has taken a unique, “work-with” approach in his efforts to find solutions to problems facing the Bay. Collaborating with fishermen, businesses, government agencies, citizens, and other stakeholders, Joe has advocated for solutions that are pragmatic, scientifically sound, and effective.

“We can’t be complacent just because Casco Bay looks good. Our citizens will have to make hard decisions in the near future about pipelines across the Bay, sewage discharges, and the loss of aesthetic, recreational, and economic uses of our ocean resulting from current abuses.” -Joe Payne, Casco Baykeeper Emeritus

Under the umbrella of Friends of Casco Bay, the Casco Baykeeper is a  member of WATERKEEPER® Alliance, an international environmental movement that began on New York’s Hudson River, where commercial and recreational fishermen united to save the river from polluters. The Waterkeeper concept evolved from gamekeepers in Great Britain who were responsible for maintaining private trout and salmon streams for wealthy landowners. The American interpretation of this role safeguards our waterways for the entire population.


What does it mean to be a Waterkeeper?

Waterkeepers – whether Baykeepers, Riverkeepers, Soundkeepers, or Bayoukeepers – all share the same mission: to defend their water bodies by responding to citizen concerns, advocating compliance with environmental laws, and working to resolve pollution problems that threaten their waterways.


The Board of the Waterkeeper Alliance reviews and licenses every program that seeks to call itself Waterkeeper. As a founding member of Waterkeeper Alliance, Friends of Casco Bay helped develop the quality standards that each program must meet. Here are a few:


1. A recognizable person to serve as a full-time, paid public advocate for the water body.

That individual is an “aqua-cop” committed to enforcing environmental laws and standards. A Waterkeeper uses whatever tools are appropriate, from personal persuasion and public opinion to government intervention or litigation.


2. Members whom the Waterkeeper represents.

Members provide the grassroots constituency that may be called upon to influence polluters, media, state agencies, and politicians. In addition, they help provide operating income and, most critically, give the Waterkeeper organization legal standing. One of the strongest tools a keeper has is the Citizen Suit provision of the Clean Water Act, which allows Waterkeepers and others acting for the environment to sue polluters. The Clean Water Act gives “any citizen” the authority “to commence a civil action” against an entity (including the federal or state government) that is violating “an effluent standard or limitation.” In a court of law, the Waterkeeper literally speaks for the organization’s individual members.

3. A boat with the Waterkeeper name clearly labeled to ensure on-the-water recognition.

That clearly-identified presence may be as modest as a canoe or as imposing as a high-speed patrol boat, whatever mode of transportation is best suited to maintain on-the-water vigilance.


4. An office where the Waterkeeper conducts fundamental tasks.

Tasks that are required to support the program include bookkeeping, strategic planning, and fundraising. A Waterkeeper cannot be a government employee.


5. A phone number citizens can call to report pollution incidents or concerns.

The Waterkeeper answers questions, speaks at public meetings, and talks with people around the Bay. The phone number represents response, advocacy, and enforcement. Contact information for alternate phone numbers or hotlines provides coverage even when emergencies occur after hours.


Fund the Baykeeper Program

You can support the Baykeeper’s advocacy work on behalf of the Bay. Donate here and write “Baykeeper” in the designation box once you get to the billing page. Thank you!